Background: Tobacco use in any form has increased throughout the world. Total tobacco related deaths are projected to rise from 5.4 million in 2004 to 8.3 million in 2030 globally. In India, eight to 10 lakh people die due to tobacco related disease every year. The Global adult tobacco survey (GATS) in India in 2009-2010 revealed that 163.7 million use the smokeless form, 68.9 million smoke, 42.3 million use both smoking and smokeless form of tobacco. Aim and Objective: To find the prevalence, reasons for initiation, willingness to quit tobacco among adults (≥ 20 years) in Ramanathpuram village of Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER) rural health centre service area. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional survey was carried out among adults >20 years (n = 315) in one of the four villages of rural field practice area of the JIPMER, Pondicherry. Considering prevalence of tobacco use as 25%, with 20% relative precision, sample size was calculated to be 300. Interns trained in interview techniques collected information using a structured questionnaire after taking informed consent. Data were collected on demographic parameters, current tobacco use, age at initiation, reasons for initiation, harmful effects of tobacco, sources of information and the willingness to quit. Result: Among the 315 people studied, 51.42% were males. Seventy-nine of them (20.6-30.1) used tobacco in any form. The proportion of females exceeded males in the use of smokeless tobacco. The age of initiation of smoking was found to be 22.6 ± 5.7 years, earlier than that for the smokeless form 27.5 ± 12.2 years (P = 0.032). The majority (50.6%) initiated tobacco use due to peer pressure, followed by infl uence of their family members (30.3%) and stress (17.7%). Although awareness about the harmful effects of tobacco was found in 64% (58.3-68.9) of the subjects, only 21.9% (13.06-32.2) of the tobacco users were willing to quit. Conclusion: About one-fourth of the study population used tobacco but only about one fifth of the users were willing to quit. Hence, targeted awareness activities will be needed for those unwilling to quit tobacco use.